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Buddha Purnima 2024: Date, History & Significance

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Buddha Purnima 2024: Date, History & Significance

Introduction of Buddha Purnima (Buddha Jayanti)

Buddha Purnima, also widely known as Buddha Jayanti, marks the birthday of Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Celebrated with great reverence and joy, this auspicious day commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death of Siddhartha Gautama, who became known as the Buddha. Across the globe, particularly in countries with significant Buddhist populations such as India, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, and Sri Lanka, Buddha Purnima holds immense spiritual significance and is marked by various rituals and ceremonies.

Buddha Purnima Date 2024

In 2024, Buddha Purnima will be observed on Saturday, May 23. The date of Buddha Jayanti is determined by the lunar calendar, falling on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month, which typically occurs in April or May in the Gregorian calendar. The lunar alignment on this day is believed to be particularly powerful, reflecting the extraordinary life and teachings of Buddha.

History of Buddha Jayanti

The historical roots of Buddha Purnima trace back to the life of Lord Buddha himself, born in 623 B.C. in Lumbini, modern-day Nepal. Raised in a life of luxury as Prince Siddhartha Gautama, he left his palace at the age of 29 in search of the truth, after encountering the inevitable human experiences of sickness, old age, and death. His intense meditation under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya led to profound enlightenment, and from then on, he was known as 'Buddha' or 'the Enlightened One.' The celebration of Buddha Purnima originated as a way to honor his teachings of compassion, peace, and liberation from suffering.


Buddha Purnima holds deep religious and cultural importance. It is a time for Buddhists to reflect on the life and teachings of Buddha, emphasizing the principles of non-violence, harmony, and empathy. Devotees engage in various rituals such as:

  • Visiting temples: Buddhists visit temples to listen to monks recite ancient verses and participate in the ceremonial hoisting of the Buddhist flag.
  • Offerings and meditation: Devotees offer food, candles, and flowers, especially lotus flowers symbolizing purity and enlightenment, and engage in meditation practices.
  • Alms-giving: Giving alms to the needy is a significant part of the day, representing Buddha's teachings on generosity and kindness.

Common FAQs About Buddha Jayanti

What are the main rituals performed on Buddha Purnima?

On Buddha Purnima, major rituals include special prayers, meditation sessions, sermons on the life of Buddha, and the practice of the Eight Precepts. Pilgrims also bathe and dress Buddha statues in pure water, symbolizing a fresh start and the removal of past sins.

How do different countries celebrate Buddha Jayanti?

In Nepal and India, large groups gather at stupas like Swayambhunath and Bodh Gaya for prayers and songs. In Sri Lanka, elephants are decorated and participate in parades. Meanwhile, in Thailand and Myanmar, water festivals occur, and people pour water over Buddha statues for cleansing and blessings.

Why is Buddha Purnima significant to Buddhists?

Buddha Purnima encapsulates the core of Buddhism, reflecting on the life and insights of Buddha that form the foundation of the religion. It's a day of remembrance, gratitude, and renewal of commitment to living a moral and compassionate life.

Are there any specific foods or activities associated with Lord Buddha's birthday?

While there is no specific food mandated, vegetarian dishes are commonly consumed out of respect for the Buddhist practice of non-violence. Activities like freeing caged birds symbolize the liberation of the soul and the spreading of goodwill.

Finally, Buddha Purnima in 2024 is a significant spiritual milestone, offering a chance to celebrate and reflect upon the teachings of Lord Buddha. The day serves not only as a cultural and religious observation but also as a reminder of the enduring legacy of peace and kindness that Buddha instilled in his followers. As we approach this sacred day, embracing its values can lead to personal and communal harmony and understanding.

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